The mulberry tree is a valuable culture for humans, the beneficial properties of which are mainly attributed to the production of silk.
However, few people know that no less fruits and leaves of the plant have valuable properties... They are widely used in cooking, folk medicine and cosmeceuticals.
Famous homeopathic remedies are cooked from the fruits, and the extract from the leaves is included in the composition of medicines.
The mulberry tree is a plant from the Mulberry family and the Mulberry genus, which consists of 17 common species. These are fast-growing deciduous trees that reach 10 to 15 m in height.
The average lifespan of mulberry trees is 200 years; individual plants are known to be 300-500 years old.
The mulberry tree in another way is called mulberry or "royal tree". Depending on the color of the bark and stems isolate white, black and red mulberries.
The history of the white mulberry known to man begins in ancient China from the Neolithic times. At this time, for the first time, they discovered strong shiny threads from the cocoon of a worm that feeds on the leaves of a tree. Subsequently, the threads were called silk, and the tree was called mulberry.
Gradually, the culture spread to the countries of the Caucasus and Central Asia. The homeland of the red mulberry is North America, and the black one is southwestern Asia.
The natural habitat where the tree grows, zones with a warm temperate and subtropical climate. These are the countries of Asia, Africa and North America. In Russia, the culture is grown in the southern regions, rarely winter-hardy varieties grow in the middle lane.
What does the fruit look like? Mulberry fruits up to 2-3 cm in length, depending on the species come in dark purple, black, white and red colors.
These are sweet berries with a long aftertaste and specific aroma. The appearance of the fruit strongly resembles a blackberry.
The mulberry tree has a high yield. On average, 100 to 300 kg of berries are harvested from one tree.
Mulberry fruits are absolutely not transportable and do not tolerate long-term storage. Therefore, they get outside the border of their area only in processed form.
In ancient treatises and scriptures, you can find a large number of references to the beneficial and medicinal properties of different parts of the mulberry. Today they are confirmed by numerous studies of the chemical composition of wood.
Nutritional value of fruits (100 g):
Energy value 43 kcal... Carbohydrates of the product are divided into sugars (8.1 g) and dietary fiber (1.7 g).
A small amount of calories, healthy sugars and the presence of dietary fiber make mulberry fruits attractive for dietary nutrition.
Besides fruits contain organic acids (1.2 g): apple and lemon. The main function of these substances is to improve digestion.
They stimulate peristalsis and secretion of juice in the gastrointestinal tract, regulate the structure of the stool, inhibit the development of putrefactive processes in the digestive tract.
The fruits contain iron, copper and zinc.
All macronutrients from the mulberry composition are essential for human life. They regulate water and electrolyte balance and the heart rate cycle, are involved in the renewal and growth of bone tissue.
A steady supply of these substances will be beneficial: they support mental activity, muscle contraction and the energy potential of a person. These properties are especially beneficial for children and older people.
Thiamine contributes stable supply of glucose to the brain, improves memory. Riboflavin is good for the structures of the eyes, niacin prevents nervous stress.
Vitamin B9 contributes the synthesis of nucleic acids, cell division and the formation of erythrocytes.
Vitamin C is one of the most important antioxidantswhich protects the body from environmental toxins. Ascorbic acid has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties.
Regular and correct use of the fruit strengthens the immune system, improves mental performance, and increases the body's endurance. Therefore, they are recommended for the diet of active people and for depletion of the body after long-term illnesses.
The leaves of the plant contain a rare complex of useful substances that makes them no less valuable than fruits. They contain:
In folk medicine, sugar-reducing, multivitamin and general tonic agents are prepared from the leaves.
Mulberry leaves relieve pain and swelling in sore joints... To do this, they are simply applied to the affected area for 30 minutes 3-5 times a day.
Infusion of leaves is treated spasms of the brain, taking 100 ml of the drug 3 times a day.
Mulberry - the tree of life:
Mulberry fruits are contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity of the organism. Even minimal use can cause severe allergic reactions.
For the same reason they are not recommended for children under 1 year old... After this age, in order to minimize harm, the product is gradually introduced into the child's diet.
Restriction in use recommended for diabetes mellitus, hypertension, ulcerative and acute pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract are contraindications. For any chronic diseases, a doctor's consultation is required before use.
Mulberry fruits should not be eaten on an empty stomach, washed down with cold water and mixed with other products.
On average, mulberries contain 4.5% iron... This is one of the main participants in hematopoiesis. Vitamin K and copper significantly enhance these properties of the substance. Therefore, they are used to treat and prevent anemia and hematopoietic disorders.
The high content of B vitamins in mulberry fruits and leaves makes them a valuable drug for the treatment of type II diabetes mellitus. For therapy, take an infusion of fruits or leaves, 100 ml 3 times a day.
Fatty acids, essential oils and tannins of fruits allow you to deal with gastrointestinal pathologies:
For treatment, juice or infusion of fruits, 100 ml, 3 times a day is used.
The combination of the percentage of mineral salts has a therapeutic effect when:
To treat these diseases, you can use mulberry juice or infusion... Apply 300 ml of the product per day for 14 days.
The chemical composition of the fruit liquefies phlegm, removes toxins and blood particles from the bronchopulmonary tract. Pronounced anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and diaphoretic properties significantly facilitate the course of bacterial and viral infections.
Therefore, they are used to treat:
Doshab is used to treat these pathologies.... For this, 1 tbsp. l. the funds are dissolved in 100 ml of milk at room temperature. Before use, the product is diluted in 100 ml of hot milk. It is taken 3 times a day.
How to cook medicinal mulberry doshab:
Herbal remedies from fruits are used for the treatment of inflammatory processes in the oral cavity: stomatitis, gingivitis, periostitis. To do this, rinse the mouth with an infusion of mulberry fruits 4-5 times a day.
Infusions and juices from fruits are recommended as a general tonic for children prone to rickets. To do this, they are consumed 100 ml 3 times a day.
The white mulberry fruit contains a rare phytoalexin - resveratrol. The substance has a neuroprotective and anticarcinogenic effect.
These properties of the fruit are useful for people with cancer and pathologies associated with damage to neurons in the brain.
Juice is squeezed out of mulberries, doshab, infusions, compotes, preserves and jams are boiled. The leaves are used for the preparation of medicinal herbal remedies and compresses.
Also mulberry fruits can be dried... To obtain dried berries, it is better to use natural conditions: the sun's rays and wind. To do this, the fruits are laid out on a dry surface, covering with a film overnight.
Mulberries will retain up to 90-95% of their beneficial properties when deep frozen... To do this, they need to be laid out in one layer on a baking sheet and placed in the freezer, setting the lowest temperature. After 10-12 hours, the fruits can be placed in a convenient container.
Mulberry berries contain many useful components necessary for the health of a pregnant woman and intrauterine development of the fetus.
During pregnancy, for the nutrition of the uterus and the fetus, the volume of circulating blood in the body increases significantly. Therefore, the need for iron increases several times, a deficiency of a substance causes anemia.
Regular consumption of mulberries will help prevent this complication.
The appearance of serious complications during pregnancy - varicose veins, preeclampsia, hemorrhoids - is associated with increased weight, pressure of the uterus on the vessels and an increase in fluid in the body.
Deal with these problems macronutrients from the fruit will help... In addition, they are necessary for the strength of bone tissue, the load on which increases during this period.
Macronutrient intake is also important for the fetus.... These are the main regulators of cell growth and division during the formation of organs and structures of the unborn child.
The many stresses associated with caring for a small child contribute to a decrease in lactation. A steady supply of phosphorus will help strengthen the nervous system, and resveratrol to resist viral and bacterial infections.
Herbal remedies from mulberry fruits and leaves will useful for constipation, edema and colds... They will help to avoid unwanted use of chemicals during pregnancy and lactation.
The intake of nutrients from a dietary source will prevent excess weight gain, which in turn leads to many complications.
During pregnancy, mulberry fruits can be consumed no more than 300 g per day. You need to be more careful about this issue when feeding.
First you need to take a test... To do this, use 1 tsp and monitor the reaction of the baby's body. If there are no allergic reactions and gastrointestinal disorders, the rate can be increased to 100 g.
High productivity, a large number of useful properties and culinary appeal: these characteristics contribute to the gradual spread of the mulberry tree outside its natural range.
Today, the tree is increasingly found in medium-sized horticultural regions.... And this means that with a full understanding of the features, the culture can be grown in your own orchard.
The mulberry tree or mulberry can truly be called a long-liver. It lives on average 200-300 years, but the age of individual specimens reaches 500-1000 years. And in Jericho (Israel), a mulberry tree was discovered, the age of which has already reached 2000 years!
The tree grows well within the city and, due to its excellent fruiting, is often used in landscape design. The plant looks great in the form of a hedge, as well as in group plantings. The most popular are decorative species of mulberry (for example, weeping mulberry), as well as dwarf mulberry varieties with a spherical crown. A mulberry tree with a narrow pyramidal and pyramidal crown is more often used in group plantings. Such trees can reach heights of up to 6 meters.
The people call the mulberry tree mulberry, nutcracker, shah-tuta, here etc.
Mulberry fruits are rightfully considered the richest source of biologically significant compounds.
The nutritional value mulberries (100 g):
Vitamins in 100 g mulberry:
In terms of its chemical composition, mulberry differs from most of the known berries for its healing properties:
Since the silk tree uses not only fruits, but also twigs with foliage and bark with roots, the content of nutrients in each part should be considered.
For a better understanding of why mulberries are so popular in traditional and folk medicine, as well as among nutritionists, you should consider the composition of BZHU in 100 g of fruits:
The beneficial properties of black mulberry can be judged based on the various polyphenolic compounds it contains:
But these are far from all the macro- and microelements that the mulberry is rich in. The data given in the table correspond to the substance content in 100 g of ripe berries:
Harvesting mulberry fruits for medicinal purposes must be carried out from early July to mid-August. It is during this period that mulberries absorb the greatest amount of nutrients. Tinctures and decoctions can be prepared from silk fruits.
Many believe that only mulberry berries are beneficial or harmful, but this is far from the case.
In folk medicine, the twigs and foliage of the silk tree are also widely used. In their composition, according to the results of laboratory studies, a high content of alkaloids was revealed that can affect the glucose content in blood cells, and flavonoids that can fight the bacteria that cause Staphylococcus aureus, salmonellosis and dysentery.
Uzvar, made from mulberry twigs, helps to lower blood pressure and relieve rheumatoid pain.
In Chinese traditional medicine, the use of mulberry bark, leaves and roots is widely used to treat:
To use the twigs and leaf plates of mulberry for medicinal purposes, the collection of raw materials must be carried out in early spring, as soon as the leaves begin to open.
They are used for the preparation of decoctions, tinctures, powder and ointments.
The medicinal properties of mulberry roots are evidenced by numerous reviews of people who were convinced of them from their own experience. The use of infusions and decoctions from the roots helps in the treatment of:
The beneficial properties of mulberry roots were revealed when using the decoction with a wet cough, for better expectoration. It is not uncommon for a decoction of the roots to help thin the blood flow.
Mulberry roots must be harvested only in the autumn, since only at this time they accumulate the maximum amount of macro- and microelements necessary for effective treatment.
Like most fruits and vegetables, mulberries are high in plant fiber. Eating 100 grams of mulberries per day, you can provide about 10% of the body's daily fiber requirement. As a result, the assimilation of food will improve, the emptying of the intestines will improve, such unpleasant phenomena as bloating, increased gas formation, and cramps will disappear. In addition, due to the ability of fiber to regulate cholesterol levels in the body, the use of mulberries will help maintain the normal functioning of the heart and blood vessels.
Due to the high iron content, the inclusion of mulberry berries in the diet will increase the production of red blood cells, enhance the supply of organs and tissues with oxygen. This will help to improve metabolism and optimize the functions of all vital systems.
Silky pulp contains the very important flavonoid resveratrol, which has powerful antioxidant properties. This element increases the production of nitric oxide, which reduces the risk of damage and constriction of blood vessels, prevents the formation of blood clots, and relieves vascular spasms. With the regular use of mulberry fruits, many health problems can be avoided, including hypertension, heart attack and stroke.
The pulp of silk berries contains compounds that help maintain an optimal ratio between glucose and insulin in the body of patients with diabetes mellitus. Flavonoids prevent the sharp rise and fall of sugar levels, which prevents the complication of the disease.
The mulberry contains vitamins A and C, anthocyanins, polyphenolic compounds and phytonutrients. The combination of these substances has a high antioxidant potential. Antioxidants are a line of defense against free radicals, which, as a byproduct of cellular metabolism, mutate healthy cells and promote cancer. The antioxidants in mulberries block the activity of free radicals before they cause irreparable damage to the body.
Mulberry berries contain zeaxanthin, a substance that can affect certain cells of the eyeball, reducing oxidative stress in the retina and macula. In addition, the beneficial properties of this element protect the organs of vision from age-related changes, prevent macular degeneration and the occurrence of cataracts.
Vitamin C is a powerful weapon against any disease and the introduction of viruses and bacteria into the body. By including mulberries in your daily diet, you will saturate your body with vitamins and minerals, which will provide strong protection against seasonal colds, acute and chronic infectious diseases.
Mulberry fruits are rich in Vitamin K, iron and calcium, and also contain small amounts of phosphorus and magnesium. Therefore, the use of these berries will greatly benefit the bones, accelerate the healing of injuries and fractures, prevent age-related disorders in the structure of tissues, and act as a barrier to the development of osteoporosis and other similar diseases.
Mulberries are high in vitamins A and E, carotenoids (lutein, beta-carotene, zeaxanthin, alpha-carotene). All these elements have an antioxidant effect, have a positive effect on the condition of the skin, nails and hair. The presence of mulberry fruits in your menu will help maintain the elasticity and elasticity of the skin, exclude the appearance of age and age spots, prevent dullness, premature gray hair and hair loss.
For face skin and hair care, you can use oil extracts of mulberry leaves. To prepare them, it is enough to pour a handful of fresh leaves with one hundred grams of olive Olive oil - 11 useful properties and contraindications Why olive oil is useful and what harm it can do to our health. 11 incredibly beneficial properties of olive oil for the body. as well as contraindications to its use. or coconut oil Coconut oil - all about the benefits and harms: 15 beneficial properties and contraindications The benefits and harms of coconut oil for our health. 15 unique, beneficial properties of coconut oil for the body and for whom this oil may be contraindicated. How to properly consume this oil. and keep in a dark place for 5-7 days. The resulting product is filtered and applied warm to the face or scalp.
Mulberry juice is recommended for people who have had serious illness or surgery. Vitamins and trace elements accelerate wound healing, eliminate residual inflammatory processes, and stimulate blood circulation. Decoctions of leaves or infusions of dried mulberry berries can be drunk instead of tea for women in the postpartum period to restore strength and improve lactation. For these purposes, mulberry jam is perfect, which has a pleasant taste and retains the beneficial properties of fresh berries.
While mulberry fruit is indeed very beneficial for both adults and children, there are a number of controversies that signal the rejection of tasty and nutritious fruit. For example, it is known that mulberry has a beneficial effect on the heart muscle, strengthening and toning it. But we should not forget that it is capable of increasing blood pressure. So if a person has problems with pressure drops, it is better to refuse mulberry. This also applies to hypertensive patients and those who suffer from a disease such as type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Indeed, mulberry contains a lot of glucose, which can worsen the condition of a diabetic.
If you have any allergic reactions, it is also best to stop eating mulberries in any form. Allergy can be signaled by the usual at first glance redness, small rashes or itching. In the presence of such symptoms, it is best not to self-medicate, but to see a doctor immediately.
Individual intolerance is another negative factor, due to which it is better not to eat dishes with mulberry fruits.
Regardless of the color and variety of berries, large quantities of them can cause acute diarrhea.
Contraindications to the use of mulberries:
§ a large amount of berries in the heat can increase blood pressure
§ for diabetes, it is also worth eating mulberries in small quantities
Fortunately, mulberry and preparations based on it have almost no contraindications. Only people with an individual intolerance to the components of the berry and a tendency to allergies should beware of it. The berry is a powerful enough allergen. However, this does not mean that you can just sit down and duck a bucket of berries. The sweet and juicy berries are a natural laxative and can lead to severe stomach upset. Especially if you consume them on an empty stomach or drink them with cold water.
Diabetics and hypertensive patients need to monitor the amount of berries consumed. When overeating mulberries, sugar rises very sharply and blood pressure rises. A preliminary consultation with a doctor is encouraged before using the berry and preparations based on it.