Useful properties and contraindications of a mulberry tree


The mulberry tree is a valuable culture for humans, the beneficial properties of which are mainly attributed to the production of silk.

However, few people know that no less fruits and leaves of the plant have valuable properties... They are widely used in cooking, folk medicine and cosmeceuticals.

Famous homeopathic remedies are cooked from the fruits, and the extract from the leaves is included in the composition of medicines.

General characteristics of a mulberry tree, where it grows, what it looks like

The mulberry tree is a plant from the Mulberry family and the Mulberry genus, which consists of 17 common species. These are fast-growing deciduous trees that reach 10 to 15 m in height.

The average lifespan of mulberry trees is 200 years; individual plants are known to be 300-500 years old.

The mulberry tree in another way is called mulberry or "royal tree". Depending on the color of the bark and stems isolate white, black and red mulberries.

The history of the white mulberry known to man begins in ancient China from the Neolithic times. At this time, for the first time, they discovered strong shiny threads from the cocoon of a worm that feeds on the leaves of a tree. Subsequently, the threads were called silk, and the tree was called mulberry.

Gradually, the culture spread to the countries of the Caucasus and Central Asia. The homeland of the red mulberry is North America, and the black one is southwestern Asia.

The natural habitat where the tree grows, zones with a warm temperate and subtropical climate. These are the countries of Asia, Africa and North America. In Russia, the culture is grown in the southern regions, rarely winter-hardy varieties grow in the middle lane.

What does the fruit look like? Mulberry fruits up to 2-3 cm in length, depending on the species come in dark purple, black, white and red colors.

These are sweet berries with a long aftertaste and specific aroma. The appearance of the fruit strongly resembles a blackberry.

The mulberry tree has a high yield. On average, 100 to 300 kg of berries are harvested from one tree.

Mulberry fruits are absolutely not transportable and do not tolerate long-term storage. Therefore, they get outside the border of their area only in processed form.

Useful properties and benefits of mulberry berries and leaves

In ancient treatises and scriptures, you can find a large number of references to the beneficial and medicinal properties of different parts of the mulberry. Today they are confirmed by numerous studies of the chemical composition of wood.

Nutritional value of fruits (100 g):

  • carbohydrates 9.8 g;
  • proteins 1.44 g;
  • fats 0.39 g;
  • water 87.68 g.

Energy value 43 kcal... Carbohydrates of the product are divided into sugars (8.1 g) and dietary fiber (1.7 g).

A small amount of calories, healthy sugars and the presence of dietary fiber make mulberry fruits attractive for dietary nutrition.

Besides fruits contain organic acids (1.2 g): apple and lemon. The main function of these substances is to improve digestion.

They stimulate peristalsis and secretion of juice in the gastrointestinal tract, regulate the structure of the stool, inhibit the development of putrefactive processes in the digestive tract.

Macronutrients:

  • potassium 194 mg;
  • calcium 39 mg;
  • phosphorus 38 mg;
  • magnesium 18 mg;
  • sodium 10 mg.

The fruits contain iron, copper and zinc.

All macronutrients from the mulberry composition are essential for human life. They regulate water and electrolyte balance and the heart rate cycle, are involved in the renewal and growth of bone tissue.

A steady supply of these substances will be beneficial: they support mental activity, muscle contraction and the energy potential of a person. These properties are especially beneficial for children and older people.

Vitamins:

  • ascorbic acid (C) 10 mg;
  • niacin (B3) 0.620 mg;
  • riboflavin (B2) 0.101 mg;
  • thiamine (B1) 0.029 mg;
  • folic acid (B9) 6 μg;
  • phylloquinone (K) 7.8 μg;
  • retinol (A) 1 μg.

Thiamine contributes stable supply of glucose to the brain, improves memory. Riboflavin is good for the structures of the eyes, niacin prevents nervous stress.

Vitamin B9 contributes the synthesis of nucleic acids, cell division and the formation of erythrocytes.

Vitamin C is one of the most important antioxidantswhich protects the body from environmental toxins. Ascorbic acid has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties.

Regular and correct use of the fruit strengthens the immune system, improves mental performance, and increases the body's endurance. Therefore, they are recommended for the diet of active people and for depletion of the body after long-term illnesses.

The leaves of the plant contain a rare complex of useful substances that makes them no less valuable than fruits. They contain:

  • tannins;
  • flavonoids;
  • organic acids;
  • resin;
  • essential oils;
  • β-sitosterol, capesterol;
  • vitamins of group B, C.

In folk medicine, sugar-reducing, multivitamin and general tonic agents are prepared from the leaves.

Mulberry leaves relieve pain and swelling in sore joints... To do this, they are simply applied to the affected area for 30 minutes 3-5 times a day.

Infusion of leaves is treated spasms of the brain, taking 100 ml of the drug 3 times a day.

Mulberry - the tree of life:

Contraindications and harm of mulberry for the body

Mulberry fruits are contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity of the organism. Even minimal use can cause severe allergic reactions.

For the same reason they are not recommended for children under 1 year old... After this age, in order to minimize harm, the product is gradually introduced into the child's diet.

Restriction in use recommended for diabetes mellitus, hypertension, ulcerative and acute pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract are contraindications. For any chronic diseases, a doctor's consultation is required before use.

Mulberry fruits should not be eaten on an empty stomach, washed down with cold water and mixed with other products.

Application in folk medicine, medicinal properties

On average, mulberries contain 4.5% iron... This is one of the main participants in hematopoiesis. Vitamin K and copper significantly enhance these properties of the substance. Therefore, they are used to treat and prevent anemia and hematopoietic disorders.

The high content of B vitamins in mulberry fruits and leaves makes them a valuable drug for the treatment of type II diabetes mellitus. For therapy, take an infusion of fruits or leaves, 100 ml 3 times a day.

Fatty acids, essential oils and tannins of fruits allow you to deal with gastrointestinal pathologies:

  • colitis;
  • diarrhea;
  • dysbiosis.

For treatment, juice or infusion of fruits, 100 ml, 3 times a day is used.

The combination of the percentage of mineral salts has a therapeutic effect when:

  • atherosclerosis;
  • ischemic heart disease;
  • tachycardia, arrhythmias;
  • myocardial dystrophy;
  • hypertension;
  • heart defects.

To treat these diseases, you can use mulberry juice or infusion... Apply 300 ml of the product per day for 14 days.

The chemical composition of the fruit liquefies phlegm, removes toxins and blood particles from the bronchopulmonary tract. Pronounced anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and diaphoretic properties significantly facilitate the course of bacterial and viral infections.

Therefore, they are used to treat:

  • chronic cough;
  • tracheitis;
  • bronchitis;
  • tracheobronchitis;
  • SARS, acute respiratory infections, flu.

Doshab is used to treat these pathologies.... For this, 1 tbsp. l. the funds are dissolved in 100 ml of milk at room temperature. Before use, the product is diluted in 100 ml of hot milk. It is taken 3 times a day.

How to cook medicinal mulberry doshab:

Herbal remedies from fruits are used for the treatment of inflammatory processes in the oral cavity: stomatitis, gingivitis, periostitis. To do this, rinse the mouth with an infusion of mulberry fruits 4-5 times a day.

Infusions and juices from fruits are recommended as a general tonic for children prone to rickets. To do this, they are consumed 100 ml 3 times a day.

The white mulberry fruit contains a rare phytoalexin - resveratrol. The substance has a neuroprotective and anticarcinogenic effect.

These properties of the fruit are useful for people with cancer and pathologies associated with damage to neurons in the brain.

Fruit and leaf recipes

Juice is squeezed out of mulberries, doshab, infusions, compotes, preserves and jams are boiled. The leaves are used for the preparation of medicinal herbal remedies and compresses.

Healing recipes:

  1. Infusion of fruits... The crushed raw materials (100 g) are infused in boiling water (0.5 l) for 5 hours.
  2. The juice... The fruits are pressed under pressure. For each liter of juice, add 100 g of sugar and 1 tbsp. lemon juice and simmer for 5 minutes. Poured into sterilized jars and rolled up with lids.
  3. Infusion of leaves... Freshly chopped raw materials (1 tbsp. L.) Are poured with water (250 ml) and steamed in a water bath for 15 minutes. The agent is insisted for 3 hours, filtered and the volume is brought to the original.
  4. Doshab... Fresh fruits (10 kg) are poured with water (0.5 l) and boiled over low heat for 1 hour. The berry mass is ground through a sieve, the released juice is boiled until a thick syrup is obtained.

Cooking recipes:

  1. Jam... The washed and dried fruits (2 kg) are laid out in a wide container, covered with sugar (2 kg) and left to stand until the juice appears. After that, the fruits are heated over low heat until the sugar dissolves and boiled for 10 minutes, removing the foam. The jam is heated 3 times. For the last time, half of the syrup is poured into a separate container. The finished product is sterilized using the usual method.
  2. Jelly... To prepare a dessert, juice is squeezed out of the fruit, as in the preparation of doshab. Pectin (10 g) is added to the juice (0.75 l), brought to a boil and sugar (600 g) is added. After that, the jelly is kept on the stove for 2-3 minutes and poured into prepared jars. The containers with the product are sterilized and rolled up.
  3. Compote... First, syrup is boiled at the rate of 150 g of sugar per 1 liter of water. Sterilized jars are filled with fruits by 1/3 and filled with hot syrup. Rolled up with lids, turned over and, after cooling, removed to a storage location.
  4. Sugar mulberry... The washed fruits are laid out in small jars, laying each layer with sugar. For 1.5 kg of berries, you will need 250 g of sugar.

Mulberry jam:

Also mulberry fruits can be dried... To obtain dried berries, it is better to use natural conditions: the sun's rays and wind. To do this, the fruits are laid out on a dry surface, covering with a film overnight.

Mulberries will retain up to 90-95% of their beneficial properties when deep frozen... To do this, they need to be laid out in one layer on a baking sheet and placed in the freezer, setting the lowest temperature. After 10-12 hours, the fruits can be placed in a convenient container.

Proper use during pregnancy

Mulberry berries contain many useful components necessary for the health of a pregnant woman and intrauterine development of the fetus.

During pregnancy, for the nutrition of the uterus and the fetus, the volume of circulating blood in the body increases significantly. Therefore, the need for iron increases several times, a deficiency of a substance causes anemia.

Regular consumption of mulberries will help prevent this complication.

The appearance of serious complications during pregnancy - varicose veins, preeclampsia, hemorrhoids - is associated with increased weight, pressure of the uterus on the vessels and an increase in fluid in the body.

Deal with these problems macronutrients from the fruit will help... In addition, they are necessary for the strength of bone tissue, the load on which increases during this period.

Macronutrient intake is also important for the fetus.... These are the main regulators of cell growth and division during the formation of organs and structures of the unborn child.

The many stresses associated with caring for a small child contribute to a decrease in lactation. A steady supply of phosphorus will help strengthen the nervous system, and resveratrol to resist viral and bacterial infections.

Herbal remedies from mulberry fruits and leaves will useful for constipation, edema and colds... They will help to avoid unwanted use of chemicals during pregnancy and lactation.

The intake of nutrients from a dietary source will prevent excess weight gain, which in turn leads to many complications.

During pregnancy, mulberry fruits can be consumed no more than 300 g per day. You need to be more careful about this issue when feeding.

First you need to take a test... To do this, use 1 tsp and monitor the reaction of the baby's body. If there are no allergic reactions and gastrointestinal disorders, the rate can be increased to 100 g.

High productivity, a large number of useful properties and culinary appeal: these characteristics contribute to the gradual spread of the mulberry tree outside its natural range.

Today, the tree is increasingly found in medium-sized horticultural regions.... And this means that with a full understanding of the features, the culture can be grown in your own orchard.


Mulberry tree: types of mulberry, useful properties of mulberry

The mulberry tree or mulberry can truly be called a long-liver. It lives on average 200-300 years, but the age of individual specimens reaches 500-1000 years. And in Jericho (Israel), a mulberry tree was discovered, the age of which has already reached 2000 years!

The tree grows well within the city and, due to its excellent fruiting, is often used in landscape design. The plant looks great in the form of a hedge, as well as in group plantings. The most popular are decorative species of mulberry (for example, weeping mulberry), as well as dwarf mulberry varieties with a spherical crown. A mulberry tree with a narrow pyramidal and pyramidal crown is more often used in group plantings. Such trees can reach heights of up to 6 meters.

The people call the mulberry tree mulberry, nutcracker, shah-tuta, here etc.


Nutritional value of mulberry and vitamins in its composition

Mulberry fruits are rightfully considered the richest source of biologically significant compounds.

The nutritional value mulberries (100 g):

  • 12.667 g carbohydrates
  • 0.681 g protein
  • 1.514 g fiber
  • 1.114 g of organic acids
  • 0.864 g ash
  • 11.799 g of monosaccharides, disaccharides
  • 82.666 g of water.

Vitamins in 100 g mulberry:

  • 0.019 mg beta-carotene
  • 0.019 mg riboflavin (B2)
  • 3.307 mcg retinol equivalent (A)
  • 0.908 mg niacin equivalent
  • 9.908 mg ascorbic acid (C)
  • 0.038 mg thiamine (B1)
  • 0.718 mg vitamin PP.


Mulberry chemical composition

In terms of its chemical composition, mulberry differs from most of the known berries for its healing properties:

  • vitamin C more by 86%
  • calcium more by 61%
  • more fiber by 60%
  • iron more by 60%
  • alpha-carotene is 58% more.

Since the silk tree uses not only fruits, but also twigs with foliage and bark with roots, the content of nutrients in each part should be considered.

Berries

For a better understanding of why mulberries are so popular in traditional and folk medicine, as well as among nutritionists, you should consider the composition of BZHU in 100 g of fruits:

  1. Proteins - 1.44 g.
  2. Saturated Fat - 0.027 g
  3. Monounsaturated fat - 0.041 g.
  4. Polyunsaturated fat - 0.207 g.
  5. Carbohydrates - 9.8 g. This amount includes 8.1 g of sugars (in the form of fructose and glucose) and 1.7 g of dietary fiber.

The beneficial properties of black mulberry can be judged based on the various polyphenolic compounds it contains:

  • tannins
  • organic acids, with a predominance of citric and malic
  • flavonoids
  • coumarins
  • pectin
  • lutein
  • zeaxanthin
  • resveratrol.

But these are far from all the macro- and microelements that the mulberry is rich in. The data given in the table correspond to the substance content in 100 g of ripe berries:

Harvesting mulberry fruits for medicinal purposes must be carried out from early July to mid-August. It is during this period that mulberries absorb the greatest amount of nutrients. Tinctures and decoctions can be prepared from silk fruits.

Many believe that only mulberry berries are beneficial or harmful, but this is far from the case.

Twigs

In folk medicine, the twigs and foliage of the silk tree are also widely used. In their composition, according to the results of laboratory studies, a high content of alkaloids was revealed that can affect the glucose content in blood cells, and flavonoids that can fight the bacteria that cause Staphylococcus aureus, salmonellosis and dysentery.

Uzvar, made from mulberry twigs, helps to lower blood pressure and relieve rheumatoid pain.

In Chinese traditional medicine, the use of mulberry bark, leaves and roots is widely used to treat:

  • renal failure
  • impotence
  • bronchitis
  • asthma
  • diabetes
  • heart disease
  • discrepancies
  • climax
  • swelling of the heart and kidneys.

To use the twigs and leaf plates of mulberry for medicinal purposes, the collection of raw materials must be carried out in early spring, as soon as the leaves begin to open.

They are used for the preparation of decoctions, tinctures, powder and ointments.

Roots

The medicinal properties of mulberry roots are evidenced by numerous reviews of people who were convinced of them from their own experience. The use of infusions and decoctions from the roots helps in the treatment of:

  • various pathological abnormalities in organs
  • hypertension
  • skin diseases - psoriasis, ulcers, vitiligo.

The beneficial properties of mulberry roots were revealed when using the decoction with a wet cough, for better expectoration. It is not uncommon for a decoction of the roots to help thin the blood flow.

Mulberry roots must be harvested only in the autumn, since only at this time they accumulate the maximum amount of macro- and microelements necessary for effective treatment.


Mulberry - 10 useful properties

Stimulation of digestive processes

Like most fruits and vegetables, mulberries are high in plant fiber. Eating 100 grams of mulberries per day, you can provide about 10% of the body's daily fiber requirement. As a result, the assimilation of food will improve, the emptying of the intestines will improve, such unpleasant phenomena as bloating, increased gas formation, and cramps will disappear. In addition, due to the ability of fiber to regulate cholesterol levels in the body, the use of mulberries will help maintain the normal functioning of the heart and blood vessels.

Acceleration of metabolism

Due to the high iron content, the inclusion of mulberry berries in the diet will increase the production of red blood cells, enhance the supply of organs and tissues with oxygen. This will help to improve metabolism and optimize the functions of all vital systems.

Blood pressure normalization

Silky pulp contains the very important flavonoid resveratrol, which has powerful antioxidant properties. This element increases the production of nitric oxide, which reduces the risk of damage and constriction of blood vessels, prevents the formation of blood clots, and relieves vascular spasms. With the regular use of mulberry fruits, many health problems can be avoided, including hypertension, heart attack and stroke.

Why mulberries are useful for diabetes

The pulp of silk berries contains compounds that help maintain an optimal ratio between glucose and insulin in the body of patients with diabetes mellitus. Flavonoids prevent the sharp rise and fall of sugar levels, which prevents the complication of the disease.

Prevention of oncology

The mulberry contains vitamins A and C, anthocyanins, polyphenolic compounds and phytonutrients. The combination of these substances has a high antioxidant potential. Antioxidants are a line of defense against free radicals, which, as a byproduct of cellular metabolism, mutate healthy cells and promote cancer. The antioxidants in mulberries block the activity of free radicals before they cause irreparable damage to the body.

Benefits of mulberry for eye health

Mulberry berries contain zeaxanthin, a substance that can affect certain cells of the eyeball, reducing oxidative stress in the retina and macula. In addition, the beneficial properties of this element protect the organs of vision from age-related changes, prevent macular degeneration and the occurrence of cataracts.

Useful properties of mulberries to strengthen immunity

Vitamin C is a powerful weapon against any disease and the introduction of viruses and bacteria into the body. By including mulberries in your daily diet, you will saturate your body with vitamins and minerals, which will provide strong protection against seasonal colds, acute and chronic infectious diseases.

Improving bone strength

Mulberry fruits are rich in Vitamin K, iron and calcium, and also contain small amounts of phosphorus and magnesium. Therefore, the use of these berries will greatly benefit the bones, accelerate the healing of injuries and fractures, prevent age-related disorders in the structure of tissues, and act as a barrier to the development of osteoporosis and other similar diseases.

Benefits of mulberry leaves against skin aging

Mulberries are high in vitamins A and E, carotenoids (lutein, beta-carotene, zeaxanthin, alpha-carotene). All these elements have an antioxidant effect, have a positive effect on the condition of the skin, nails and hair. The presence of mulberry fruits in your menu will help maintain the elasticity and elasticity of the skin, exclude the appearance of age and age spots, prevent dullness, premature gray hair and hair loss.

For face skin and hair care, you can use oil extracts of mulberry leaves. To prepare them, it is enough to pour a handful of fresh leaves with one hundred grams of olive Olive oil - 11 useful properties and contraindications Why olive oil is useful and what harm it can do to our health. 11 incredibly beneficial properties of olive oil for the body. as well as contraindications to its use. or coconut oil Coconut oil - all about the benefits and harms: 15 beneficial properties and contraindications The benefits and harms of coconut oil for our health. 15 unique, beneficial properties of coconut oil for the body and for whom this oil may be contraindicated. How to properly consume this oil. and keep in a dark place for 5-7 days. The resulting product is filtered and applied warm to the face or scalp.

Why mulberry is useful for the body of weakened patients

Mulberry juice is recommended for people who have had serious illness or surgery. Vitamins and trace elements accelerate wound healing, eliminate residual inflammatory processes, and stimulate blood circulation. Decoctions of leaves or infusions of dried mulberry berries can be drunk instead of tea for women in the postpartum period to restore strength and improve lactation. For these purposes, mulberry jam is perfect, which has a pleasant taste and retains the beneficial properties of fresh berries.


Mulberry contraindications

While mulberry fruit is indeed very beneficial for both adults and children, there are a number of controversies that signal the rejection of tasty and nutritious fruit. For example, it is known that mulberry has a beneficial effect on the heart muscle, strengthening and toning it. But we should not forget that it is capable of increasing blood pressure. So if a person has problems with pressure drops, it is better to refuse mulberry. This also applies to hypertensive patients and those who suffer from a disease such as type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Indeed, mulberry contains a lot of glucose, which can worsen the condition of a diabetic.

If you have any allergic reactions, it is also best to stop eating mulberries in any form. Allergy can be signaled by the usual at first glance redness, small rashes or itching. In the presence of such symptoms, it is best not to self-medicate, but to see a doctor immediately.

Individual intolerance is another negative factor, due to which it is better not to eat dishes with mulberry fruits.

Regardless of the color and variety of berries, large quantities of them can cause acute diarrhea.

Contraindications to the use of mulberries:

§ a large amount of berries in the heat can increase blood pressure

§ for diabetes, it is also worth eating mulberries in small quantities


Contraindications

Fortunately, mulberry and preparations based on it have almost no contraindications. Only people with an individual intolerance to the components of the berry and a tendency to allergies should beware of it. The berry is a powerful enough allergen. However, this does not mean that you can just sit down and duck a bucket of berries. The sweet and juicy berries are a natural laxative and can lead to severe stomach upset. Especially if you consume them on an empty stomach or drink them with cold water.

Diabetics and hypertensive patients need to monitor the amount of berries consumed. When overeating mulberries, sugar rises very sharply and blood pressure rises. A preliminary consultation with a doctor is encouraged before using the berry and preparations based on it.


Watch the video: Mulberry tree - grow, care, harvest u0026 eat


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